On June 1st, 2017, United States President Donald Trump announced his country’s withdrawal from the Paris Climate Agreement. All as part of his campaign promise and the threats of resignations from his team as his counselor Elon Musk. Action that was immediately condemned by three of its great allies France, Italy and Germany. France’s President, Emmanuel Macron said that “the United States has turned its back on the world.” The United States is now on the list of those that does not support the agreement with Nicaragua and Syria.
What does the agreement establish?
In the long term, the agreement aims to keep global warming below 3.6 degrees Fahrenheit (2 degrees Celsius) and to pursue an effort to limit its rise to 1.8 degrees Fahrenheit (1 degree Celsius) since the beginning of the industrialization. It also envisages that all countries involved will do their utmost to reduce the devastating greenhouse gas emissions so that by 2050 the levels of these man-made gases reach levels that plants and oceans can absorb. To be able to comply with this, the agreement contemplates that the countries establish national targets to reduce these gases every five years. Already 180 countries have set their targets for the first cycle starting in 2020. It is expected that the developed countries will be able to eliminate their emissions totally and that the developing countries can unite as their economy evolves.
The agreement stipulates that countries that do not comply with the objectives indicated are not penalized, but it does establish a policy of transparency. Policy that will help encourage these countries to achieve their objectives providing some flexibility to the developing countries. It also obliges the countries involved to publish emissions reports and their efforts to eradicate them.
This international agreement states that wealthy countries should continue to offer funds to help poor countries achieve their goals. Also encourages other countries to intervene on a voluntary basis to help reduce emissions from these less-affluent countries. The nations with good economic power had previously agreed that by 2020 they will provide about $ 100 billion to climate finance.
Although many US companies like Microsoft, Tesla among others are in complete disagreement with the withdrawal, the future is uncertain. Many of Donald Trump’s supporters believe the ideal that climate change is an invention, even though scientists have proven otherwise. Year after year we have seen how ocean and land temperatures are increasing, we have suffered from natural phenomena with a power never seen before, we have sea levels increasing as the polar ice caps melt, we suffer water shortages and the disappearance of our glaciers, we see how our planet suffers. For some it is a lie but for others it is a time bomb.